Understanding audio measurements: noise, SNR, and dynamic range

SNR is a ratio of level measurement and noise measurement (both typically as RMS level), expressed in dB. Signal level, measurement bandwidth, and weighting filter must be defined. Dynamic range is like SNR but noise is measured in the presence of small signal; results should be the same. Noise is one of the most important performance figures and typically compared to the signal level as SNR, Signal-to-Noise Ratio. In audio … Continue reading

Understanding DAC filters and their impact in time and frequency domains

Many DAC chips and devices using those chip have user selectable options for digital filter response to fine-tune tonal characteristics. I will take PCM1794A used on H-DAC as an example and see what effects these filter types have on impulse and frequency responses. This is just scratching the surface of the topic by briefly introducing some technical effects that can be measured. Tonal characteristics are not discussed here; those are highly subjective … Continue reading