Understanding audio measurements: THD+N vs. amplitude and frequency

Presents the unwanted part of the signal – something that was not put there and should not be there. THD+N vs. amplitude graph is important as it reveals SNR, dynamic range, and THD+N ratio; all are expressed as ratio compared to a specified signal level. Signal level, signal frequency, and measurement bandwidth must be known (or guessed) when analysing results. THD+N, Total Harmonic Distortion plus Noise, is one of the best audio … Continue reading

Understanding audio measurements: noise, SNR, and dynamic range

SNR is a ratio of level measurement and noise measurement (both typically as RMS level), expressed in dB. Signal level, measurement bandwidth, and weighting filter must be defined. Dynamic range is like SNR but noise is measured in the presence of small signal; results should be the same. Noise is one of the most important performance figures and typically compared to the signal level as SNR, Signal-to-Noise Ratio. In audio … Continue reading